Tour of Sparta and Mystras

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Description

Description

The tour will begin with Sparta, which was one of the great powers in the Ancient world for about two centuries (VIIth - Vth century BC). Its domination extended over Laconia and adjacent Messenia. It was Athens' direct rival throughout Antiquity, although the two cities did make alliances for certain causes, in particular for the Greco-Persian Wars, when the two cities joined forces to fight the Persians. In fact it was on the occasion of the second war that the Spartans, led by Leonidas, were sacrificed whilst heroically blocking the entrance to the Thermopylae pass, to delay their enemies and thereby enable the Athenians to withdraw safely.
The high point of the excursion is the visit to Mystras, considered as the symbol of the Byzantine Peloponnese and the "Pearl of Morea". Mystras was built in the form of an amphitheatre around the fortress built in 1249 by the Prince of Achaea. It was re-conquered by the Byzantines, then occupied by the Turks and Venetians and was completely abandoned in 1832. You will be able to admire in the town churches, Byzantine monasteries and partially ruined palaces. In particular you will see Vrontochion Monastery which dates from the XIIIth century and Pantanassa Monastery, dating from the XIVth century and whose church interior is entirely decorated with XVth century frescoes.

 

  • Duration : ~ 4h30
  • Comfortable shoes are recommended.
  • The order of visits can be modified.
  • These excursions are not proposed for all the cruises and depend on the itinerary.
  • If the minimum of 25 participants is not reached, the excursion may be either cancelled or proposed at another rate, depending on the number of participants (to pay on board).
  • The excursions of the first evening and the morning following the embarkation are only guaranteed for the passengers who have booked the excursion before the cruise.